Bipolar Disorder 2


Bipolar disorder is a psychiatric diagnosis that defines a category of mood disorders. Changes in mood, from mania to depression are a few examples. It's known to damage relationships and careers, or even suicidal tendencies if it goes untreated. Bipolar disorder is often found more common in older teens and young adults, the age level goes as low as 6 years old. Women often tend to experience more periods of depression than most men. They are also at a higher risk for rapid cycling, which involves having four or more episodes in one year. Bipolar and ADHD are being diagnosed more often now in American children and teenagers. They're so similar they often get misdiagnosed.


The treatment for bipolar disorder includes a combination of mood-stabilizing drug and/or psychotherapy. Drug treatment is mostly primary, psychotherapy that is ongoing is important to help patients to deal with bipolar disorder cope. Treatment of bipolar mania would be an anti-psychotic drug benzodiazephine, or lithium to control the hyperactivity, sleeplessness, hostility, and irritability. The treatment for bipolar depression would include lithium-an anti-convulsant, or a possible combination of these treatments to regulate moods without creating a manic episode.

It can interfere with daily life by self harm, due to high levels of overpowering negative emotions. It can also ruin relationships, career opportunity's, and even social life.

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  • Bipolar disorder affects approximately 5.7 million adult Americans, or about 2.6% of the U.S. population age 18 and older every year.
  • The median age of onset for bipolar disorder is 25 years, although the illness can start in early childhood or as late as the 40's and 50's.
  • An equal number of men and women develop bipolar illness and it is found in all ages, races, ethnic groups and social classes.
  • More than two-thirds of people with bipolar disorder have at least one close relative with the illness or with unipolar major depression, indicating that the disease has a heritable component.
  • Up to one-third of the 3.4 million children and adolescents with depression in the United States may actually be experiencing the early onset of bipolar disorder
  • Success rates of 70 to 85% were once expected with lithium for the acute phase treatment of mania, however, lithium response rates of only 40 to 50% are now commonplace.