Schizoid Personality Disorder


Schizoid personality disorder is a condition in which affected people avoid social activities and consistently avoid interaction with others. To others, people with schizoid personality disorder may appear dull or humorless, while showing little emotion to their surroundings.


People with schizoid personality disorder are likely to:

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  • Prefer being alone and usually choose solitary activities
  • Prefer independence and have few close friendships
  • Show confusion when trying to respond to normal social cues andgenerally have little to say
  • Lack desire for sexual relationships
  • Feel unable to experience pleasure
  • Seem dull to others, indifferent or emotionally cold
  • Feel unmotivated and tend to underperform at school or work
  • Consistently play the role of a follower rather than a leader

Some of these tendencies may have first become noticeable during childhood years. People with this condition that may not know how to form friendships often feel anxious around others, causing them to give up on social interaction and further concentrate on their inner feelings within themselves.

When To See A Doctor:

The most effective treatment often occurs upon being treated as early as possible. If someone you have a close relationship with has urged you to go see a doctor, make an appointment, starting with a primary care physician, which may then refer you to a mental health professional.
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The Schizophrenic Spectrum:

Schizoid personality disorder is considered a part of the “schizophrenic spectrum” or disorders. This spectrum includes schizotypal personality disorder and schizophrenia. While all these disorders have similar symptoms, such as a severely limited ability to make social connections along with a lack of emotional expression, there is a unique distinction of the schizoid condition. The main distinction is that people with schizoid personality disorder are in touch with reality, unlike those with schizotypal personality disorder and schizophrenia. For this reason, schizoid patients are unlikely to experience paranoia or hallucinations. In addition, schizoid personality disorder is not marked by odd speech, in fact, people with this disorder are often easy to follow and understand.


Although the exact causes of schizoid personality disorder are unknown, a combination of genetic and environmental factors, particularly in early childhood, are thought to contribute to the development off personality disorders in general. The chances of acquiring schizoid disorder are also increased if past family history shows the existence of any family member who may have had any of the disorders present on the schizophrenic spectrum.
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Risk Factors:
  • Having a parent or other relative who has schizoid personality disorder, schizotypal personality disorder or schizophrenia
  • Experiencing a childhood environment of neglect or scorn
  • Suffering child abuse or mistreatment
  • Having an emotionally detached parent

Further Complications:

Patients with schizoid personality disorder are also at an increased risk of the following:
  • Developing schizotypal personality disorder, schizophrenia or any other delusional disorder
  • Drug addiction, especially to psychedelic drugs
  • external image avoidant.jpgAlcohol addiction
  • Major depression
  • Anxiety disorder
  • Panic disorder
  • Social phobia
  • Various other personality disorders

What You Can Do To Prepare For A Doctor's Appointment:

  • Write down any symptoms you have been experiencing, and for how long
  • Write down key personal information including: traumatic events in your past, and any current major stressors
  • Make a list of past medical information or medical history
  • Take a family member or close friend to accompany you at the appointment for support and comfort


A diagnosis for schizoid personality disorder is usually based upon an in-depth interview with your doctor reviewing your symptoms as well as your personal and medical history. Criteria for this condition may be diagnosed if four or more of the following characteristics are present:
  • You neither desire nor enjoy close relationships, including being part of a family
  • You most often choose solitary activities
  • You have little, if any, interest in sexual experiences with another person
  • You take pleasure in few, if any, activities and rarely experience strong emotions
  • You don't have any close friends or confidants other than first-degree relatives
  • You don't seem to care about praise or criticism
  • You seem emotionally cold, detached or unexpressive


A therapist with experience treating schizoid personality disorder is likely to understand your desire for
personal space and private thoughts, and will continue in in helping and reaching out to you when accepted without pushing.
Medications: There is no specific drug for treating this condition although doctors may prescribe medications to help with treating some symptoms. For example, the psychological inability to experience pleasure can be treated
with bupropion, along with risperidone or olanzapine which can help with dulled emotions and social problems.
Psychotherapy: Cognitive behavior therapy helps a patient change their beliefs and behaviors that create
external image 50268_106804664733_4590263_n.jpgproblems. If you have this disorder, cognitive behavior therapy may help increase your sensitivity to interpersonal cues and
better develop personal skills. For example, this type of therapy can teach you how to react in common
situations appropriately, such as being introduced to a new person. This treatment may also aid in helping feel less anxious in social situations.
Group Therapy: Treatment may be more effective to a patient if they can interact with others
who are also practicing new interpersonal skills, and are struggling with the same types of
symptoms. Group therapy is also known to provide a support structure and increase social motivation.


Many people with this condition can function fairly well in everyday life. They tend to choose jobs that allow them to be unsociable, but are generally still able to work. Little interference with everyday life is present, while many have learned to coupe and live with their condition. While they have learned to live with their condition, many people with this disorder may prefer to go on their own way and continue to avoid interacting with others, including but not limited to doctors. They may be so used to a life without emotional closeness that they are not positive they want to change, even with the help of a professional. In some cases, patients may find it extremely hard to open up about their inner life, and therefore continue to go about the way they are best known to living.


About one in seven U.S. adults has at least one personality disorder, while it is not uncommon to have more than one. Statistical data including and related to the number of people with schizoid personality disorder in the U.S. are as follows: Antisocial personality disorder, 3.6%; schizoid personality disorder, 3.1%, and schizotypal personality disorder, 3%.

Web Linker:

Cleveland Clinic
Personality Types
Psych Central
Schizoid Personality
Schizoid Traits

Help Line:

Schizophrenia: A severe mental disorder characterized by some, but not necessarily all, of the following features: emotional blunting,intellectualdeterioration, social isolation, disorganized speech and behavior, delusions, and hallucinations.
Schizotypal: Pertaining to actual or potential borderline schizophrenia, a condition characterizedbycold aloof feelings,eccentric behavior,hallucinations, illusions, anddelusions.
Paranoia: A mental disorder characterized by systematized delusionsandtheprojection of personal conflicts, which are ascribed to the supposed hostility of others, sometimes progressing todisturbances of consciousness and aggressive acts believed to be performed in self-defense or as a mission.
A persistent, irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that leads to a compelling desire to avoid it.
Aloof: At a distance, especially in feeling or interest; apart
Cognitive: Of or pertaining to the mental processes of perception, memory, judgment, and reasoning, as contrasted with emotional and volitional processes.
Psychedelic Drugs: A psychoactive drug is a drug that alters cognition and perception, and induces hallucinations or altered sensory experiences